Ovarian cysts are a common occurrence among women. This condition is mainly linked to the ovaries. Ovarian cysts generally form during the process of ovulation when your ovaries release the egg.
An ovarian cyst is essentially a pouch or sac filled with fluids which form on your ovary. In many cases, an ovarian cyst is harmless and gets resolved on its own, without the woman knowing that she has such a condition. However, in a few cases, the cyst does not go away on its own and requires medical intervention. In some rare occasions, ovarian cysts become cancerous and would require an ovarian cyst surgery to remove the cancerous tissue from the body altogether. Ovarian cysts are commonly observed in women who fall in the childbearing age.
The occurrence of cysts causes considerable anxiety and worry in women because of the fear of them being cancerous. The early diagnosis of ovarian cysts and effective ovarian cyst treatment has resulted in the holistic recovery from this condition and its associated symptoms.
So, let us check out the causes and treatment of the different symptoms for ovarian cysts.
Symptoms of ovarian cyst
In many women of childbearing age, an ovarian cyst is generally asymptomatic and gets resolved automatically without the woman ever realising their presence. However, if the cyst doesn’t get resolved, it could cause some symptoms or signs. And the woman could experience bloating, swelling, pain or pressure in the pelvic region and lower abdomen region (below the navel). Other prominent symptoms include:
- Change in the menstruation cycle including painful periods
- Pressure or pain in the bowels
- Increase in the frequency or urgency for urination
- Distended or swollen abdomen
- Pain at the time of intercourse
- Difficulty in bearing children or conceiving
Sometimes an ovarian cyst might need an emergency ovarian cyst treatment. Seek immediate medical assistance if you experience any of the symptoms mentioned below:
- Sudden, severe pain in the belly
- Fast uncontrolled breathing
- Fainting, weakness, dizziness
- Pain accompanied by fever and vomiting
These signs could be an indication that your ovarian cyst has twisted the ovary. Therefore, seek medical advice at the earliest.
Causes of ovarian cyst
The most prevalent cause of ovarian cyst are as follows:
- Hormonal problems: Generally, functional cysts get resolved without needing any ovarian cyst treatment. These cysts are usually caused by hormonal imbalance or problems or due to drugs used for ovulation.
- Endometriosis: Women suffering from endometriosis could develop a type of cyst called the endometrioma. This cyst develops when the endometrial tissue from the uterus attaches itself to the ovaries and forms an outgrowth. These types of cysts are very painful and can cause immense pain during periods and sex. This cyst would need ovarian cyst treatment or removal to get relief from the condition.
- Pregnancy: An ovarian cyst also develops during the early stages of pregnancy to support it until the formation of the placenta. In some cases, the cyst persists even until the later stages of pregnancy and may need an ovarian cyst removal.
- Pelvic infections: An infection in the pelvic region or the reproductive region could spread into the fallopian tubes and ovaries, which results in the formation of a cyst.
The development of cysts are asymptomatic, and they get resolved naturally, approximately after two months, without the woman even knowing that she has ovarian cysts. However, if the cysts grow large, then it would need medical intervention.
More often, a private gynaecologist in London suggests medicines for ovarian cysts treatment, and the condition gets resolved after the full dose of the medication.
In some rare cases, cysts may need ovarian cyst surgery for effective removal. The gynaecologist may suggest surgery to remove the cysts or the ovary. These surgeries done to remove the cysts are termed as a cystectomy.
The types of ovarian cyst surgery include:
- Laparoscopic cystectomy: This surgery is usually conducted to remove smaller cysts, and is minimally invasive. During this surgery, a thin tube called the laparoscope is inserted into the body via a small incision just below the navel region. Further, two smaller incisions are done nearby to insert the instruments to cut out the cyst from the ovary.
Usually, the cysts are smaller in size and could be removed without removing the ovary. However, if the cyst is too big or too attached to the ovary, then the surgeon removes an entire part of the ovary.
- Laparotomy: This surgery is conducted for a cyst that has become cancerous. This surgery requires a more elaborate procedure.
This is the general information that you must know about an ovarian cyst. You don’t need to panic if you come to know that you have a cyst. Remember that its occurrence is normal and many women have it at some point in their life.
So stay calm and seek appropriate treatment options to resolve the condition altogether. The best way to treat the condition completely is to consult a private gynaecologist at the earliest when you experience the symptoms mentioned above. Do not ignore or prolong the symptoms as they will only aggravate with time, and the cysts may advance to becoming more dangerous to resolve, needing more advanced medical procedures.
If you are searching for expert ovarian cyst removal treatments, then you must visit the Well Women Clinic today.