Varicose veins are generally formed on the legs or lower body parts, and though not potentially dangerous for health, is actually an embarrassing, visually distracting and often painful condition. Generally the women are prone to get varicose veins. Even men get them sometimes. They are detected by the very prominent bluish to purple veins running over the surface of the legs, which get swelled or very thick with time, and are visible from a distance. Due to the swelling and huge blood flow with pressure through these veins, they get engorged and cause pain and discomfort in many cases. Others may simply complain of the ugly appearance of the veins.
Varicose veins are formed due to some of these reasons mainly:
- If valves in the heart are not working and the blood flow in the body is not okay the blood pool at the legs thus increasing the pressure on veins, and inducing formation of the thick Varicose veins.
- If the person stays in a standing position for long time.
- If excessive pressure is exerted on the legs due to high pressure, extreme body weight or high obesity.
- Women after menopause may get these veins.
- Women may get Varicose veins during pregnancy.
The best way to avoid the formation of these veins is to check lifestyle, which can prevent the formation of varicose veins for those who don’t have any. And those who already have may prevent getting newer veins with the cage in lifestyle. Besides if problems with the vein worsens, like excessive pain and swelling, very ugly looks and blot clots or in worst cases ulcers and rupture of veins, then more invasive form of treatment may be needed.
Detection of Varicose veins
These veins are detected through two types of tests. One is the ultrasound and another is the angiogram. The ultrasound makes ultrasound waves to detect the blood flow pattern through the veins, and the angiogram makes a dye go through the veins mixed with blood, which is photographed with X-Rays. Both the tests tell the blood flow pattern, and therefore helps in determining.
Lifestyle changes to prevent the formation of varicose veins
The main lifestyle changes one should implement are as follows:
- Avoiding standing for long hours.
- Avoiding standing with crossed legs for long, or keeping legs crossed for long.
- Reducing body weight through exercise and right diet.
- Wearing pantyhose or stocking which will keep pressure on the legs and squeeze the legs such that the blood flow is uniform and better towards the heart.
- Checking blood pressure and doing the right treatment for problematic heart valves.
- Resting the legs and keeping them at elevated positions whenever possible.
Surgical removal of veins
If in severe cases, the veins develop a blood clot, ulcer, extreme pain and also a rupture in worst cases, then the following treatments can be done:
- A vein striping surgery, where the doctor will cut the veins and eliminate them from body.
- A laser or radio wave surgery where the veins can be cut or sealed, and this is a more modern technique where healing is fast.
The Varicose veins do not pose any serious risk or threat in lifetime, and their only problem is the appearance and discomfort, and you can always take the route of prevention than to get a surgery.