Obesity surgery otherwise known as Bariatric surgery is a surgical procedure to lose weight for people whose overweight might pose a health hazard.
It is considered as a treatment option if the patient is unable to achieve a normal body after a prolonged effort in losing weight. It is considered for people between the ages of 18 and 60 if the patient’s BMI is higher than normal (37.5 kg/m2) and they are associated with serious health issues like diabetes, arthritis, cardiovascular illnesses or high blood pressure.
Additional to the surgery, the patients are expected to follow regular exercises and a healthy diet plan. Bariatric surgery helps cut down accumulated fat in a short period of time. The advantages of Obesity surgery are that one might have a possibility of improving blood pressure and diabetes.
Bariatric surgery is usually done by key-hole methods while one can choose the appropriate procedure. There are various types that affect how one consume, absorb and digest food. At times, like every other surgery; you can expect risks and complications such as hernias blood clots and infections hence it’s better to consult the best hospital and surgeons.
The types of Obesity surgery include
- Gastric Bypass or Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery (RGB)
This type of surgical procedure is designed to reduce the amount of food intake by dissecting a part of the stomach. This changes how the digestive system works and helps the small intestine and stomach to handle the food that’s eaten and maintain weight.
- Laparoscopic gastric band surgery
A silicone band is used to restrict the stomach, with an addition of a port placed under the skin. It is commonly referred to as “lap band”. The nutrient intake is restricted by a small gastric pouch and a narrow outlet which leads to weight loss predominantly. This surgery is considered as one of the safest procedures.
- Laparoscopic Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy
Here, the stomach is reduced to 14% of its original size by surgically removing a large portion of the organ. With surgical staples and sutures, the open edges are stitched together permanently reducing the size of the stomach.
- Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
This procedure earlier had problems with malnourishment which is now replaced with duodenal switch hence providing the patient with a free diet even though the stomach is partially resected creating a smaller stomach.
These surgeries usually restrict the amount of food the stomach can hold which combines both malabsorption of nutrients and gastric restriction.
Within a year of surgery, you can expect massive weight loss which could lead to loose skin in certain areas of the body and hormonal changes. This can be treated effectively with cosmetic surgery however; a bariatric surgery would cost you depending on the type of procedure that’s carried out and the location or other specific factors such as facilities. You’ll also need a medical follow-up frequently for the rest of your life since it’s likely to hamper your normal body weight if proper care isn’t rendered.